The impact of the Tribeca Film Festival on Urban Development (Part 2)

By Yaqun Guo (27208508)

 

Promote the development of tourism and cultural industry

It is well known that the film festival is a cultural activity (Rountree, 2008). The huge amount of attention it generates, which hides enormous economic potential. For New York, the biggest economic benefits from the Tribeca Film Festival are undoubtedly a boost to the tourism industry. First of all, because of the existence of the film festival, its location is not only a place where American real estate developers compete, but also the high-class celebrities are willing to invest. The houses bought by these celebrities have naturally become a must-visit place for fans and film reporters. Moreover, the Tribeca Film Festival brings a deeper cultural and historical feeling to the audience than the more commercialized atmosphere of the Hollywood Film Festival. And the cultural sight spots near Tribeca are places where many Hollywood movies are filmed, such as Central Park and Grand Central Terminal, etc. These well-known attractions make it a worthwhile trip for fans of the Tribeca Film Festival. These two points make the Tribeca Film Festival a huge economic benefit for New York City, and it has also become an important cultural force for the rise of New York’s economy.

 

The social service awareness of the Tribeca Film Festival

After the terrorist attacks, the founders began organizing big companies to donate money, which has become an important factor in restoring city confidence. Celebrities in various industries have come to the city, soothing the sentiments of the local people. With the impact of the terrorist attacks gradually receded, the Tribeca Film Festival’s tolerant attitude has gained more and more acclaim from local people. Subsequently, the founders made a great contribution to the development of the community by using their economic power and social influence. The Tribeca Film Festival has raised a lot of money through corporate donations, government’s grants, and charitable activities. These donations are devoted to the documentary creation and film education.

More importantly, the film festival also launched a large number of public education activities. Over the years, the Tribeca Film Festival has been dedicated to making movies into high school class, they have sent a large number of professionals to the local high school in New York to teach students about film shooting and appreciation, and to teach them to use professional equipment to edit their own documentaries.

 

Conclusion

The Tribeca Film Festival shows the world its political, economic and cultural influence, it also gives a lot of inspiration to urban construction managers and cultural practitioners all over the world. On the one hand, the social responsibility of the Film festival and the outstanding cultural creativity not only improve the city’s popularity but also bring rich material and economic benefits to the city. On the other hand, the festival relies on New York’s rich public resources, strong economic and human resources, broad market and visionary audiences, and these factors make it famous all over the world in a short period of time.

 

Reference:

 

“The Bridge | Tribeca Film Festival”. Tribeca Film Festival, 2018, https://www.tribecafilm.com/filmguide/archive/512d08001c7d76e046002a4d-bridge

 

BUSINESS WIRE. “Amazon.Com, The Tribeca Film Festival And American Express Announce A Second Short-Film Competition”. Businesswire.Com, 2005, https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20050629005252/en/Amazon.com-Tribeca-Film-Festival-American-Express-Announce

 

Rountree, Cathleen. “Tribeca Film Festival”. Jung Journal, vol.2, no.4, 2008, pp. 105-107.

 

Chan, Felicia. “The International Film Festival And The Making Of A National Cinema”. Screen, vol.52, no. 2, 2011, pp. 253-260.

The impact of the Tribeca Film Festival on Urban Development (Part 1)

By Yaqun Guo (27208508)

The International Film Festival plays an irreplaceable role in the development of the national film industry in various countries of the world. In addition to promoting new film productions, promoting new actors, and understanding the new trends of the world’s films, the film festival has played a positive role in promoting the prosperous development of regional culture and the development of cities. From this aspect, the study of the formation and development of the film festival can be used to understand the cultural system, urban management system and other aspects of the city. Taking the Tribeca Film Festival as an example, this article aims to study the interaction between the development of international film festival and New York City, and to reveal the role of cultural industry in promoting urban development by analysing its origin, development and its influence on the image, economy and community construction of the New York.

 

The creation of the Tribeca Film Festival

In 2001, a terrorist attack that shocked the world occurred in New York. Two planes were crashed into the North and South towers, and then both 110-story towers collapsed. Since then, the status of New York as an economic and cultural center has been greatly shaken, more serious than the economic loss is the terrorist attacks on the public’s confidence has also caused a great impact. Many international finance companies and government agencies have left New York or a large number of employees have been dismissed. At the same time, the explosion caused a large number of tourists to abandon their plans to visit New York. Restaurants, service industries, tourism, and entertainment industries have been badly hit. To make New York rise, Robert De Niro and Jane Rosenthal founded the Tribeca Film Festival in 2002. In the next more than 10 years, the Tribeca Film Festival has grown rapidly to become the most influential film festival in North America, and Its influence can be almost equal to the Cannes Film Festival, the Berlin International Film Festival, and the Venice Film Festival. Rountree (2008) pointed out that the impact of the film festival on the development of a city can be considered from the three aspects of enhancing the image of the city, promoting the development of urban tourism and community construction. This article explains the role of the Tribeca Film Festival for Urban Development in detail through these three aspects.

 

Enhance the image of the city

The main purpose of the Tribeca Film Festival is to record life, so the documentary becomes the flagship brand of this film festival. Many directors choose to take New York as a filming destination to record New York’s diverse, innovative and cosmopolitan urban life. From the content of the film, the Tribeca Film Festival shows a stronger sense of social responsibility, many award-winning films show the courage to confront the dark side of society and challenge the authority of society. For example, a documentary called The Bridge in 2006 sparked controversy over the shooting of people who committed suicide from the Golden Gate Bridge. Another documentary called Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe is causing a stir in America. As you can see, to some extent, the Tribeca Film Festival has become a place to show democracy, justice, and social responsibility of New York and all American citizens.

In addition, as Chan (2011) reported that the Tribeca Film Festival has shown New York’s cultural advancements and has led the development of science and technology around the world. The film festival has demonstrated its continued pursuit of artistic ideas and technology on a technical level. For example, in 2005, the year before the advent of YouTube, the Tribeca Film Festival partnered with Amazon to launch the digital short film contest.

 

The communication value of international film festivals–taking the MIFF as an example

Each year, the MIFF shows a wide range of national films to celebrate the brilliant achievements of the film industry, and it is also a tribute to filmmakers who make artistic contributions to the film industry.

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The festival will show about 300 films in 18 days and present the latest trends in Australia and the international film industry. The MIFF presents a wide range of films for audiences, including feature films, short films, documentaries, cartoons, experimental films and multimedia films from all over the globe. So I’d like to talk about some of the impressions I’ve had about the MIFF through my participation in this film festival.

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Impact on the film industry

 

The first is the impact of the MIFF on the Australian local film industry. The affirmation of this film festival to the local films and the attention and opportunity for Melbourne is the driving force for the development of the local film industry. So the world premiere of many native Australian films is held at the MIFF. For example, the opening film of the 2017 Melbourne International Film Festival was directed by Australian director Greg McLean. This movie is called Jungle, and it’s about the legendary experience of the Israeli-American explorer Yossi Ghinsberg(Daniel Radcliffe).

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The second is the exchange of global culture and the promotion of international trade. The MIFF is the world’s media event, there will be excellent producers, directors, actors, judges, film enthusiasts, film investors, film associations and journalists and other news staff gathered in a hall. The purpose of the film festival is to meet and blend all kinds of cultures (Stringer, 2001). For example, through the Film Panorama at the MIFF,viewers can see a lot of international movies that are not usually seen in Australia. Through this cultural exchange, it helps the audience to have a more comprehensive understanding of the development of the film industry in various countries (Iordanova,2009).

 

In addition, there are many controversial overseas films that will be shown in advance at the MIFF before they are sure to land in Australia, for example, The Assassin from Chinese-speaking countries.

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The MIFF has the following more interesting Film Panorama (MIFF,2018).:

Accent on Asia

Australian Showcase

Culinary

Documentaries

Headliners

Next Gen

Seeking Refuge

Virtual Reality

That is to say, no matter what type of film the audience likes, they are able to find movies in each unit that they are interested in.

 

The last and most important thing is to support the film arts and film talents. Stringer (2001) defines that Some independent films may not be allowed to enter cinemas because they are not commercially viable, but these movies can get a lot of recognition and attention through participating in some famous international film festivals. It is because of the existence of international film festivals that encourage innovation so the film art can maintain diversity in a commercialized environment, and those talented filmmakers can occupy a place in the film industry to show their talent.  For example, director Steven Soderbergh won the Palme d’Or at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival with his film Sex, Lies, and Videotape. He was only 26 years old in that year (Stringer, 2001).

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   Impact on the economy

 

During the film festival, celebrities and media from all over the world come to the place where the festival is held, which has an undeniable effect on raising the focus of this place. For example, the MIFF will bring a lot of visitors to Melbourne every year, which greatly promote the local tourism and other economic development, such as hotels, restaurants and other related industries.

 

These are some of the things I learned at the MIFF.

 

References:

Iordanova, D 2009, ‘ The film festival circuit’, in D Iordanova&R Rhyne (ed.), Film festival yearbook 1: The festival circuit, e-book, St Andrews Film Studies in collaboration with College Gate Press, Great Britain, pp. 23-39.

Stringer, J.2001,’ Global cities and the international film festival economy’, Cinema and the city, vol.2, no.5, pp. 52-84.

Melbourne International Film Festival (MIFF) 2018, http://miff.com.au/program/film/ash-is-purest-white

My most impressive film festival experience: Multicultural collision in the MIFF

I attended the 66th annual MIFF(Melbourne International Film Festival )in 2017. This 18-day film Festival presents the best modern movies, nostalgic movies, movie reviews from Australia and all over the world,as well as some special events. As one of the oldest film festivals in the world, the MIFF has become a landmark event in Melbourne winter activities.

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The MIFF attracts a great number of world-class films and the best producers to participate in it every year. Many international films choose to premiere at the MIFF. In addition, the MIFF is also committed to encouraging good local producers to participate in. Today I want to introduce the most impressive film I have ever seen in this film festival–Call Me by Your Name. I’ll analyze the movie from the director’s point of view. At the same time, this film also reflects the cultural inclusiveness of the MIFF. Nowadays, the situation of art films is difficult, such as lack of funds, shortage of art theatres, the high cost of publicity, and fewer audience groups (Stringer, 2001). Iordanova (2009) points out that the existence of the film festival can provide a good promotion platform for art films. Selecting excellent films from the film Festival can also inject fresh blood into the film industry and promote the progress of the world film industry.

 

This is a bold and full of desire art film. It was a story of an Italian 17-Year-old boy Elio(Timothée Chalamet)who fell in love with an American scholar Oliver(Armie Hammer)in the countryside of Italy in the 80 ‘s. The film won the MIFF Audience Selection Award. When the movie was finished, the director Luca Guadagnino was interviewed by the host. In the interview, he told the audience about the film’s creative ideas, behind-the-scenes stories, and the director’s past creative experience. After listening to his description, I also have a new understanding of this film.

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In the first part of the film, the director chooses to use the means of fragmentation to deal with the relationship between the two people. The plot was cut very short, the movie consists of a lot of seemingly casual but significant moments, such as a look, a physical contact, a conversation, an outing, these are the details that can bring the audience into the film.

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Details are a key to the success of this film. The director chose to shoot this film in the town where he lived, and the details of the 80 ‘s were everywhere in the film. For example, Elio and Oliver rode a bike outing and felt tired riding their bikes, then they parked their bikes in front of an old woman’s house and asked her if she can give them a little water to drink. The old woman smiled and gave them two cups of water, after drinking water two people thanked and continued to move forward. This scene has little to do with the plot, but it is because of these details that the audience can be brought into the “80 ‘s summer Town of Italy” atmosphere.

 

The last detail that I can’t forget for a long time is that there’s an important long shot in the back half of the film. The actor needs to show the complex psychological activity of losing his first love to a fixed lens. This scene also makes a lot of viewers cannot go out of the mood of the actor to create after the film is over. Even at the end of the movie, when the boy was crying in front of the fireplace, the audience beside me was crying.

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According to Iordanova(2009),the film festival is dedicated to discovering multicultural films and a series of movies that reflect the state of society. So I appreciate that the MIFF has given me a special opportunity to experience different cultures.

 

References:

Iordanova, D 2009, ‘ The film festival circuit’, in D Iordanova&R Rhyne (ed.), Film festival yearbook 1: The festival circuit, e-book, St Andrews Film Studies in collaboration with College Gate Press, Great Britain,pp. 23-39.

Stringer, J.2001,’ Global cities and the international film festival economy’, Cinema and the city, vol.2, no.5, pp. 45-60.