By Yaqun Guo (27208508)
The International Film Festival plays an irreplaceable role in the development of the national film industry in various countries of the world. In addition to promoting new film productions, promoting new actors, and understanding the new trends of the world’s films, the film festival has played a positive role in promoting the prosperous development of regional culture and the development of cities. From this aspect, the study of the formation and development of the film festival can be used to understand the cultural system, urban management system and other aspects of the city. Taking the Tribeca Film Festival as an example, this article aims to study the interaction between the development of international film festival and New York City, and to reveal the role of cultural industry in promoting urban development by analysing its origin, development and its influence on the image, economy and community construction of the New York.
The creation of the Tribeca Film Festival
In 2001, a terrorist attack that shocked the world occurred in New York. Two planes were crashed into the North and South towers, and then both 110-story towers collapsed. Since then, the status of New York as an economic and cultural center has been greatly shaken, more serious than the economic loss is the terrorist attacks on the public’s confidence has also caused a great impact. Many international finance companies and government agencies have left New York or a large number of employees have been dismissed. At the same time, the explosion caused a large number of tourists to abandon their plans to visit New York. Restaurants, service industries, tourism, and entertainment industries have been badly hit. To make New York rise, Robert De Niro and Jane Rosenthal founded the Tribeca Film Festival in 2002. In the next more than 10 years, the Tribeca Film Festival has grown rapidly to become the most influential film festival in North America, and Its influence can be almost equal to the Cannes Film Festival, the Berlin International Film Festival, and the Venice Film Festival. Rountree (2008) pointed out that the impact of the film festival on the development of a city can be considered from the three aspects of enhancing the image of the city, promoting the development of urban tourism and community construction. This article explains the role of the Tribeca Film Festival for Urban Development in detail through these three aspects.
Enhance the image of the city
The main purpose of the Tribeca Film Festival is to record life, so the documentary becomes the flagship brand of this film festival. Many directors choose to take New York as a filming destination to record New York’s diverse, innovative and cosmopolitan urban life. From the content of the film, the Tribeca Film Festival shows a stronger sense of social responsibility, many award-winning films show the courage to confront the dark side of society and challenge the authority of society. For example, a documentary called The Bridge in 2006 sparked controversy over the shooting of people who committed suicide from the Golden Gate Bridge. Another documentary called Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe is causing a stir in America. As you can see, to some extent, the Tribeca Film Festival has become a place to show democracy, justice, and social responsibility of New York and all American citizens.
In addition, as Chan (2011) reported that the Tribeca Film Festival has shown New York’s cultural advancements and has led the development of science and technology around the world. The film festival has demonstrated its continued pursuit of artistic ideas and technology on a technical level. For example, in 2005, the year before the advent of YouTube, the Tribeca Film Festival partnered with Amazon to launch the digital short film contest.